Where is Horton Bluff and Minas Basin?

HORTON BLUFF
Cape Blomidon
Cape Split
Minas Channel
MINAS BASIN
Burntcoat Head
Bay of Fundy
Bay of Fundy
Annapolis Valley
HORTON BLUFF
Avon River

Horton Bluff is a small headland at the mouth of the Avon River. A lighthouse situated above its seacliffs guides gypsum ships to the mouth of the Avon River, leading to a loading wharf at Hantsport. The seacliffs are about 25 metres above mean sealevel.


Twice daily the Fundy tide floods through the Minas Channel into Minas Basin creating a vertical range of tide between 7 and 15 metres, and occasionally up to 16 metres (the average is about 11m). The height of tide varies with the ever changing arrangement of Sun and Moon relative to Earth.  Weather and shoreline characteristics are also significant tidal factors. 


The physical characteristics of the Gulf of Maine and Bay of Fundy combine to produce a tidal resonance that amplifies the tidal pulse from the Atlantic Ocean, creating the large Fundy tides which reach maximum range in Minas Basin and Chignecto Bay.  A tide in excess of 16 metres has been recorded at Burntcoat Head.


  Calculations show that, at mid tide, the flow volume (the per hour input of water), into the Minas Basin via Minas Channel is about equal to the hourly flow of all rivers on Earth combined (a flow that delivers about 4 cubic kilometres of water per hour).

Gulf of Maine
Bay of Fundy
Chignecto Bay
Minas Basin